During excavations of Ephesus 6,000 year old neolithic remains were found that going on for 101 years in Ephesus ancient city ruins at Izmir province.
Excavations of Ephesus in the Cukurca tumulus 500 meters east from the Magnesia Gate of Ephesus were started in 1995. After an interruption, October 2000 excavations were re-started under the supervision of archeologist Adil Evren and prehistory expert Feride Ozen.

During the excavations of Ephesus an instrument used in weaving, various ceramic pieces and a stone ax have been found. Heavily damaged foundation remains and traces of a fire have also been discovered.
According to discoveries in ancient city officials have pointed out that more detailed information about neolithic and ancient bronze eras will be obtained.
Excavations of Ephesus's Specialists
According to the specialists, these findings of ancient city have led to the conclusion that the city is a much older city than so far supposed.
Another 100-person group of experts from Austria, led by Doc. Dr. Stephen Karli has completed a four-month excavations of Ephesus work and returned to Austria.
Some of their most important discoveries include a gladiators combat practice area and a marble ladder carved in the mountain, found during exploratory excavations in the stadium area of Ephesus.
Excavations in the Church of Mary in Ephesus have brought to light new details about the history of the church. Evidence suggests that the church was not existing before the Third Council held in 431, and was in fact constructed after this date. Later some changes in the building were made.

Reconstruction of the ancient theatre, damaged during various cultural activities, and going on for four years, is continuing. Now that security in the theatre has been ensured, a long term reconstruction project is planned with Austrian cooperation. Ephesus
A new project for the protection of nearby mountain-terrace houses has been prepared. A Turco-Austrian commission has been established to follow up the studies in this area. During Ephesus tours you are able to see terrace houses while visiting the ancient city.
The restoration of the Hadrianus Gate, one of the most important parts of the ancient city as there are some reliefs about legend of installation of the ancient city on this gate , has been completed.


  • Excavations of Ephesus took more than 100 years.
  • With private Ephesus tours you can see excavation sides.

Officials draw attention to the fact that even though excavations of Ephesus have been going on for 101 years, only 15 percent of the research has been completed and adding that research could continue for another 1000 years. In the coming years, restoration, rather than new discoveries, will be given emphasis.
Laboratories are being established to help carry out research in relation to excavations of Ephesus and preserve the findings for the future.

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